Migrating from Expressjs 4 to 5

Published on Jan 11, 2017

2 min read

NODEJS

ExpressJS 5.0 is in alpha release stage but I believe we’ll be adding it as a dependency in our package.json files in matter of no time. This article gives some tips regarding the way we are writing code using this framework and how we should adapt the new changes even if we are using ExpressJS version 4.0.

I’ll start with most common thing such as response.

Express 5 no longer supports the signature res.send, instead we should adapt using this method in this form:

res.status(statusCode).send();

We have to set the status code before sending the response object. This new version of res.send is basically a chain of two methods: res.status & res.send.

With that mind, ExpressJS 5 deprecates res.send(statusCode) method where statusCode is the number representing the HTTP response header status code. To send just the statusCode, that is, without sending the response object, we can use res.sendStatus(statusCode) method.

In similar manner, other methods that have been changed are:

1res.json()-- > res.status().json();
2res.jsonp()-- > res.status.jsonp();

Another notable method that is going to be deprecated in next version of ExpressJS is res.sendfile(). Instead, we must adapt its new form, the camelCase one: res.sendFile() which is already been supported by the ExpressJS versions later than 4.8.x. It comes with optional parameters that you can check them here.

Whether you are planning to use the alpha release of Express 5.0 or still going on with the latest versions of Express 4.0, I would suggest to start adapting these methods immediately.

The full list of changes or the official Express Migration Guide is to be found here.

Originally Published at Hackernoon.com

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AMAN MITTAL author

Software Developer and Technical Writer since 2017. Loves learning and writing about Node.js, React, React Native & Expo. Previously, a Developer Advocate at Draftbit.


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